Did you know?
- The name 'Oklahoma' comes from the Choctaw language. "Okla"
means people and 'humma' means red. The state of Oklahoma
conjures up images of dusty flat plains and fields of wheat.
In fact, you'll be surprised at the variety of terrain you
can see here.
- Oklahoma is home to more native Americans than any other
state in the U.S. Many of the tribes settled here after being
displaced from their homelands. The Kiowa originally
came from Montana. In earlier days, the Cheyenne lived
in Colorado, South Dakota and Montana. Today, Oklahoma is
a wonderful place to learn about native America and to attend
on of the numerous gatherings or 'pow-wows' that occur throughout
- The Wichita National Wildlife Refuge is a great
place for hiking and watching wildlife. A visit here will
really dispel the myth that Oklahoma is completely flat and
featureless! Herds of buffalo roam the plains and if
you go to the visitors center, you can arrange a hike to see
bald eagles. At one time, there were sixty-four million buffalo
here. Today there are only about seven hundred left.
- Located in the Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge,
Elk Mountain is an important place for Native Americans
in Oklahoma. This is a place where young natives would come
on a 'vision quest' and for fasting.
- In 1868 many Cheyenne lost their lives in the Battle
of Washita, when Colonel Custer attacked Chief Black Kettle's
camp. Black Kettle had resisted the entreaties of some of
his people, including his wife, to move their camp downriver.
He refused to believe that officers would order an attack
without first offering an opportunity for peace. Before dawn,
the troopers attacked the 51 lodges, killing a number of men,
women, and children. The engagement at the Washita might have
ended very differently if the larger encampments to the east
had been closer to Black Kettle's camp. As it happened, the
impact of losing winter supplies, plus the knowledge that
cold weather no longer provided protection from attack, convinced
many bands to accept reservation life as dictated by the US