Formerly Bechuanaland, Botswana achieved independence in 1966 and then discovered three of the richest diamond formations in the world. It’s a hugely wealth and successful country by African standards, and has a black ruled multi racial government unrivalled elsewhere in black Africa. It’s a great and safe country for travelling in, but attracts only high-cost low-volume tourism to preserve the countries natural beauty. It’s a country you need big bucks to live and travel in, but some areas around the tourist nature spot the Okavango Delta are less expensive. It’s a fantastic country to visit if you want to discover wetland wildlife and the wilderness of the Wild Kalahari desert.
Although very dry, much of Namibia made up of desert coastal plains, dunes and bush. It is sunny all year round, with the rainy season falling from December to March, although there is much natural beauty to be seen then.
Situated on a high mountainous plateau, it’s average temperature is 60F on the plateau and a scorching 80F in the Zambezi valley in summer, ranging from 50F – 65F during winter.
Land locked and mainly desert land and scrub, the rainy season runs November to March, the dry season (May to August) is the best time to discover the county’s wildlife.
Naimbia is made up of 11 ethnic groups, a mixture of African, and some European and Afrikaners.
With a population of over 11 million, the people are based of two native ethnic groups, theShona and the smaller Ndebele in the west.
With a population of one and a half million, over half of these are of Tswana heritage. European, Asian and other tribes live in the cities and regionally.
English and Afrikaans are the official languages, though tribal languages are widely spoken.
English is the official language, but Shona or Sindebele are most of the people’s first language.
English is the official language, although Seswana is the native language of nearly everyone.
Namibian Dollar ($N)
10 N$ = 1$ US.
Zimbabwe once had its own currency but now operates with the South African Rand, US Dollar, and British Pound.
The currency is the pula. Credit cards are accepted at tourist places, banks only exist in the major towns.
P8= $US 1.
For up to date currency information, check the Currency Converter.
Be prepared to spend, spend, spend. Prices compare to Europe for food, but accommodation and safari can reach sky high prices.
By Susi O’Neill
Africa -Zimbabwe, Botswana &...
Great Natural Wonders
Top Ten African Adventures
May Globe Guide
Pilot Globe Guides