New South Wales

New South Wales

Australias most populous state, New South Wales is home to 7.8 million. As the home to Australias biggest city Sydney, New South Wales was the first European settlement on the continent. The Colony of New South Wales was established in 1788 shortly after the continents discovery by Captain James Cook and functioned as a penal colony for many years. The territory fell into discord under the rule of Governor William Bligh, but order was restored by his replacement Lachlan Macquarie, a major figure in the countrys history. Macquarie radically modernised New South Wales, implementing hugely significant infrastructure, which made Sydney the major urban hub of the burgeoning new British colony. As the colony segmented into a number of different territories, New South Wales retained its importance as the Federation of Australia was established in 1901. The region is known for its diverse nature, boasting some of the countrys most spectacular beaches as well as the countrys best skiing mountains. With Sydney as the countrys main economic centre, the state is also supported by a rich agricultural industry and of course, tourism.

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