One hundred and fifty miles off Australia’s southern coast is Tasmania, one of the country’s most naturally rich areas. The 26th largest island in the world, Tasmania’s population is heavily centred in its capital and largest city of Hobart. The island is home to a wealth of spectacular natural parks and World Heritage Sites. Having been inhabited for over 40,000 years prior to its European occupation, Tasmania was established as a British penal colony at the beginning of the 19th Century in 1803. It was initially known as Van Diemen’s Land, and was a self-governing colony for nearly a century until it became absorbed into the Federation of Australia in 1901. One of the most beautiful parts of Australia, Tasmania is known for its unique ecology due to its isolation from the mainland. Species native to the island include the famous marsupial the Tasmanian Devil.
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