UPDATED: The world fights back with technology as Palmyra in Syria is the latest site from ancient world to come under threat from Islamic State forces

UPDATED: The world fights back with technology as Palmyra in Syria is the latest site from ancient world to come under threat from Islamic State forces

Back in May we posted an article about the ancient city of Palmyra in Eastern Syria being captured by the terrorist group who refer to themselves as IS – Islamic State (see original post below).

Since then, global fears that IS would destroy the numerous artefacts of the ancient city have been realised, with horrifying violence.

So far, amongst the artefacts destroyed are the temple of Baalshamin, a 2,000-year-old relic, the Assyrian Palace at Khorsabad, Hatra the capital of the Parthinian Empire, immense statues at Nimrud, the ancient Temple of Bel (pictured below) and ruined artefacts at the Mosul Museum, the Mosul Public Library.

The destruction has not been limited to the antiquities; Khaled al-Asaad, the 81-year old former director of the world-renowned archaeological site at Palmyra in Syria, was beheaded in August. Prior to his death, al-Asaad and his son Walid, the current director of antiquities, had been detained for a month. They had been tortured as their captors tried to extract information about where treasures were to be found. Al-Asaad devoted his life to the ancient city and worked at the archaeological site for more than 50 years, spending most of that time as its director.

Archeologists from Harvard and Oxford are fighting against the destruction by sending a a ‘flood’ of 3D cameras to the region so that people can scan and photograph historically significant buildings and artefacts to preserve them from politically-motivated obliteration. The Million Image Database Project will distribute 5,000 cameras to war zones around the world by the end of 2015 allowing some traces to remain safe from the senseless destruction.

Furthermore the Director of the IDA , Institute for Digital Archaeology in Oxford, says it’s hoped that the resulting images will contain sufficient detail so they might one day be used to recreate them using 3D printers.

A glimmer of light recently revealed by authorities was that most of the sculptures the IS members destroyed were replicas of the real artefacts, many of which are stored safely in Baghdad and outside the reach of the vandals however, at least two of the destroyed pieces were authentic.

The Temple of Bel, Bernard Gagnon

The Temple of Bel, Bernard Gagnon

Palmyra in Syria is the latest site from ancient world to come under threat from Islamic State forces

The city of Palmyra in Eastern Syria is the latest site in the ancient and classical world in the Middle East to come under threat from so-called Islamic State forces.

Palmyra is in the middle of the Syrian desert, in the north-east of Damascus and contains the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world.

From the 1st to the 2nd century, the art and architecture of Palmyra, standing at the crossroads of several civilizations, married Graeco-Roman techniques with local traditions and Persian influences representing the epic relics of a shared human history and were of particularly special meaning to Iraqis and said to the cradle of civilization.

Check out Holly Morris’s visit there in Globe Trekker Syria and our report on other Danger Lands in the Middle East and beyond.

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria

 

 

 

 

 

Image credit: Yvonnefm
For more information visit:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/23

Palmyra in Syria is the latest site from ancient world to come under threat from Islamic State forces

Palmyra in Syria is the latest site from ancient world to come under threat from Islamic State forces

The city of Palmyra in Eastern Syria is the latest site in the ancient and classical world in the Middle East to come under threat from so-called Islamic State forces.

Palmyra is in the middle of the Syrian desert, in the north-east of Damascus and contains the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world.

From the 1st to the 2nd century, the art and architecture of Palmyra, standing at the crossroads of several civilizations, married Graeco-Roman techniques with local traditions and Persian influences representing the epic relics of a shared human history and were of particularly special meaning to Iraqis and said to the cradle of civilization.

Check out Holly Morris’s visit there in Globe Trekker Syria and our report on other Danger Lands in the Middle East and beyond.

 

The Temple of Bel, Bernard Gagnon

The Temple of Bel, Bernard Gagnon

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria

 

Image credit: Yvonnefm
For more information visit:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/23

The Soul of Aleppo – The Ancient Souk

The Soul of Aleppo – The Ancient Souk
Originally posted to Flickr by Anas.A at http://flickr.com/photos/50471244@N06/4956886022
Aleppo, Syria’s largest city, and one of the oldest in the world, is no stranger to war and destruction.  Most recently, at the end of September 2012, much of the ancient, covered souk, extending 13 kilometres long and known to many as “The Soul of Aleppo,” is now a shell of its former bustling self after a fire destroyed the medieval buildings which once housed hundreds of  shops as the armed groups of the Free Syrian Army and the Syrian Arab Army fought for control of the city.

The souk, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was often recognized as being one of the most beautiful in the world and contained over 1500 shops with countless amounts of items, from spices, oils and dyes, to jewellery, silk, precious metals and everything in between.  Not only was the souk popular with the locals, but it was also a must see on many travellers’ itineraries.

Visiting Aleppo at this time is highly discouraged.  However, before the seemingly endless fighting and senseless fire that set the bazaar and surrounding monuments ablaze, the Globe Trekker team travelled to this fascinating city to film our Globe Trekker Syria show which reveals the brighter, more vibrant days of Aleppo.

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria – click on the Image to watch the Behind the Scenes filming on location in Syria

Globe Trekker host and traveller, Holly Morris, was fortunate enough to have Aleppo on her Syria itinerary.  Holly experienced the rich history and exquisite beauty that the trading centre represented, first-hand.  Through the alleys, stone archways and colossal wooden doors, rows of vendors were plentiful, one selling gold, another of fresh meat, textiles and even a pharmacy were permanent fixtures here, some dating back as far as the 13th Century. Holly alsoexplored the Citadel, an ancient landmark and one of the oldest and largest castles in the world.  She then went on to visit the city of Apamea, the Dead Cities, Saladin’s Castle and eventually makes her way to capital, Damascus.

The Ancient Citadel of Aleppo – Outside its main entrance

Although the enormous destruction in Aleppo is beyond comprehension, it is still possible to rebuild and repair what has been obliterated in the flames.  It comes at no small cost, estimated at millions of dollars, but hopefully the Souk of Aleppo can flourish again and represent the city and its rich part in history that it once did.

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Blair Shapiro

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The Soul of Aleppo – The Ancient Souk

This image was originally posted to Flickr by Anas.A at http://flickr.com/photos/50471244@N06/4956886022

Originally posted to Flickr by Anas.A at http://flickr.com/photos/50471244@N06/4956886022

Aleppo, Syria’s largest city, and one of the oldest in the world, is no stranger to war and destruction.  Most recently, at the end of September 2012, much of the ancient, covered souk, extending 13 kilometres long and known to many as “The Soul of Aleppo,” is now a shell of its former bustling self after a fire destroyed the medieval buildings which once housed hundreds of  shops as the armed groups of the Free Syrian Army and the Syrian Arab Army fought for control of the city.

The souk, also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was often recognized as being one of the most beautiful in the world and contained over 1500 shops with countless amounts of items, from spices, oils and dyes, to jewellery, silk, precious metals and everything in between.  Not only was the souk popular with the locals, but it was also a must see on many travellers’ itineraries.

Visiting Aleppo at this time is highly discouraged.  However, before the seemingly endless fighting and senseless fire that set the bazaar and surrounding monuments ablaze, the Globe Trekker team travelled to this fascinating city to film our Globe Trekker Syria show which reveals the brighter, more vibrant days of Aleppo.

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria

Holly Morris filming Globe Trekker Syria – click on the Image to watch the Behind the Scenes filming on location in Syria

Globe Trekker host and traveller, Holly Morris, was fortunate enough to have Aleppo on her Syria itinerary.  Holly experienced the rich history and exquisite beauty that the trading centre represented, first-hand.  Through the alleys, stone archways and colossal wooden doors, rows of vendors were plentiful, one selling gold, another of fresh meat, textiles and even a pharmacy were permanent fixtures here, some dating back as far as the 13th Century. Holly also explored the Citadel, an ancient landmark and one of the oldest and largest castles in the world.  She then went on to visit the city of Apamea, the Dead Cities, Saladin’s Castle and eventually makes her way to capital, Damascus.

The Ancient Citadel of Aleppo – Outside its main entrance

Although the enormous destruction in Aleppo is beyond comprehension, it is still possible to rebuild and repair what has been obliterated in the flames.  It comes at no small cost, estimated at millions of dollars, but hopefully the Souk of Aleppo can flourish again and represent the city and its rich part in history that it once did.

The Syria DVD can be found through this link to the Globe Trekker site:

DVD: Syria $29.95 includes World Café Middle East - Damascus & Aleppo)
DVD: Syria $29.95 includes World Café Middle East – Damascus & Aleppo