The Greek island of Crete has seen many invasions in its long history – from Arabs, Venetians, Turks and more recently by Germany in the Second World War.
But for hundreds of years from the 8th to the 13th centuries it was the Byzantium Empire which was the major cultural and religious influence.
Originally an offshoot of the Roman Empire, the Byzantium Empire with its capital in Constantinople embraced Christianity and the Greek language.
St. Paul had travelled here as far back as the first century AD laying the foundations for a faith that would evolve over the centuries into the Christianity of the Greek Orthodox Church.
All over the island today are ancient monasteries, large and small and hilltop shrines.
The Byzantiums perfected the art of religious iconography and within the walls of these shrines, many beautiful examples can be found. Much of this art has been produced by some of Greece’s most famous artists.
The Byzantine Christian religion embraced myths and legends and these survive to this day.
In the mountains of Western Crete you can find the cave of the 99 saints. Those holy men fled from Cyprus during wars between the Byzantians and the Ottoman Turks. They had taken refuge deep in the cave where like many Christians they hoped to avoid persecution.
The saints had taken a vow that they would die together and when their leader John the Hermit dressed in animal skins had been killed after being mistaken for a wild animal, legend has it that the next day the 99 saints were all found dead here from natural causes.
It’s possible to visit the cave today where some trekkers contemplate the beauty and mystery of this special place.