Throughout its history China has always revered “The Leader” and remained fiercely proud and protective of culture and country. Chairman Mao compared himself to China’s first Emperor and now its current leader, President Xi, is determined to re-establish China’s role and reputation as a global superpower.
This three part Empire Builders miniseries explores the culture and values that has made China such a resilient civilisation and how these have impacted on modern China today.
Leading Chinese and western contributors argue that China’s strength and difference has often been forged by meritocracy, authoritarian leadership , ingenuity and sheer hard work – qualities that have contributed in the outside world to both enlightened feelings of awe and wonderment and age old fears and prejudices.
While ancient China was often ignored and seen as a benign presence in the wider world, the achievements of a now modern Chinese Communist super state have thrust arguments about its motives, role and power centre stage in what many are calling The Chinese Century.
How did the great imperial dynasties of China, including the Zhou, Han, Tang, Song and Ming, impact on China today? We explore the origins of the Silk Road and what these dynasties left behind and visit great sites including the Terracotta Warriors, Great Wall, Buddha of Leshan, Grand Canal and Ming Tombs.
The 19th and early 20th centuries saw the decline of China. The Opium Wars, Taiping and Boxer Rebellions led to western domination and many Chinese leaving the country. The last imperial dynasty, the Qing expanded the empire to its greatest extent, presided over the Chinese Enlightenment and left behind iconic sites such as the Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven. But with its collapse and the removal of its last child Emperor, China turned West. How did these momentous events impact on China today?
This episode explores the period from the birth of the Chinese republic in 1911 to the civil war, bloody Japanese occupation, the coming to power of Mao and the Communist Party, the Cultural Revolution, up to the present day.
We visit Tiananmen Square, the booming skyscraper cities of Shanghai and Beijing and President Xi’s Belt and Road. How has the tumultuous last 100 years impacted Communist China’s ambitions as a superpower today and its relations with Taiwan which also sees itself as the rightful guardian of Chinese history and culture?