The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Thailand–Burma Railway and similar names, is a 415 kilometres railway between Bangkok, Thailand, and Rangoon, Burma (now Yangon, Myanmar), built by the Empire of Japan during World War II, to support its forces in the Burma campaign.
Forced labour was used in its construction. About 180,000 Asian labourers and 60,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) worked on the railway. Of these, around 90,000 Asian labourers (mainly romusha) and 16,000 Allied POWs died as a direct result of the project. The dead POWs included 6,318 British personnel, 2,815 Australians, 2,490 Dutch, about 356 Americans and a smaller number of Canadians and New Zealanders.
The Kanchanaburi War Cemetery is the main POW cemetery associated with victims of the Burma Railway. It is located in the town of Kanchanaburi, Thailand, and is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. 6,982 POWs are buried there, mostly British and Dutch.
Source Wikipedia en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanchanaburi_War_Cemetery