North East Brazil

North East Brazil

The northeast of Brazil is a vast region including nine states with several national parks, thousands of miles of coastline, and a diversity of cultures, climates and attractions.

Perhaps the best known places of the region are the bustling coastal metropolises Fortaleza, Recife, and Salvador. Salvador, located on the coast of the Northeast’s largest state, Bahia, is a soulful, vibrant city. This port city and former capital of Brazil has a strong Afro-Brazilian spirit and is the heart of capoeira and of the Candomblé religion. The city has an infectious energy.

Typical scenes of Salvador include talented drummers moving to samba reggae rhythms as they play, and skilled capoeiristas practicing their art on cobblestone streets and sandy beaches to the tune of the berimbau. The city’s historic center is characterized by large squares, pastel colored colonial-era buildings, congregating locals, and numerous historic monuments.

Besides interesting cities full of culture the region also includes Brazil’s second tallest waterfall, Amazon territory in the northwest state of Maranhão, alluring beaches galore, and some pristine archipelagos alive with precious reef and abundant marine life. A handful of national parks contain important archeological sites, pre-historic rock paintings, and numerous natural and geological sites worth exploring such as ancient caves with ethereal electric blue pools.

Climates vary in this large area. The dry, semi-arid sertão which characterizes large areas of inland territory receives little rain, sometimes providing difficulties for farmers, and is susceptible to drought. By contrast the state of Maranhão in the northwest of the region features tropical forests, mangroves, estuaries, and receives ample rainfall year-round.

Samba, soccer, music, dance, and beach-going are national passions in Brazil and the Northeast is no exception. Carnaval is celebrated all over, while some of the best parties happen in Salvador and Olinda. Wherever the coast is nearby in the northeast, beach going is an everyday occurrence.

Some beaches are packed to the brim with sunbathers, hawkers, surfers and sun-worshipers of all ages showing off their bronzed bodies; while others are remote paradises with majestic white sand dunes, coconut palms, beach shacks, and more donkeys than people in sight.

Bahia

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