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Presenter : Megan McCormick

Around the World Part 6: Silk Road: Xi’an to Kashgar

Flaming Mountains

Megan McCormick travels along China’s section of the Silk Road trade route, exploring the country’s ancient past and dazzling future. What would have taken a camel around 6 months to travel, she is able to achieve in 14 days thanks to China’s modern airports, rail and bus routes.

Today, silk is readily available in most parts of the world thanks to sea and air freight, but two thousand years ago it was carried from China into Central Asia and Europe by merchants travelling on camel caravans through inhospitable mountain and desert terrains.

Megan’s journey begins in Xi’an, which was China’s capital city before Beijing and where the Han dynasty Emperor Wudi ruled from when in 138BC he dispatched an explorer to bring back accounts of the West, forging the way for a commercial trade route.

Terracotta ArmyMegan visits Xian’s most famous archaeological wonder, the Terracotta Warriors, and searches for original Silk Road treasures in the Muslim Market.

Continuing northwest along the Silk Road, she reaches China’s Gansu Province and visits the oasis towns of Jiayuguan and Dunhuang.

The spectacular Fort of Jiayuguan once marked the end of civilized China and the beginning of barbarian lands for those travelling West into the Gobi desert and beyond.

Taking a camel ride across Dunhuang’s sand dunes Megan has newfound respect for traders making that same journey 2000 years ago.

Livestock Market in Kashgar by DPerstin

Making her way into the province of Xinjiang, the semi-autonomous region of the Uyghur people, Megan stays with a local Uighur family in Turpan,digs for jade in Khotan and visits the famous livestock market in Kashgar.

From here, Megan heads towards China’s Western border ending her journey in the stunning Pamir Mountains.

Kryzyg game of Chase the Skin

Along the way she drinks yak milk tea with a Kyrgyz tribe who show off their infamous horsemanship in a rodeo-style game of ‘Chase the Skin’.

Ethnically, culturally and architecturally, Xinjiang is very different to Central China and feels like in a different country. But like the rest of China, Xinjiang is being modernised.

Apak Hoja Tomb

The dusty streets are being swept up and built on, donkeys and carts are being replaced by electric mopeds and mud-brick houses sit happily alongside new 5-star hotels.

But the cities are no less charming for it and between the well-kept park areas filled with smiling locals dancing and exercising, the marketplaces abuzz with trade and the food venues from night markets to air-conditioned restaurants,China’s modern Silk Road experience is as remarkable as it surely would have been thousands of years ago.

More information:

Study Guide: The History of the Silk Road



Credit List



Wenting Yang

Tong Lei

Tao Mei

Wang Aiping

Ren Bo

Zang Bing

Ma Jie

Alip Mamtile

Bessie Du


With thanks to…

China National Tourist Office, London

China National Tourism Administration, Beijing

Shaanxi Tourism Administration

Gansu Tourism Administration

Xinjiang Tourism Administration

Places Mentioned - China, The Silk Road

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