Situated just below the North Pole, Iceland and Greenland are neighbours in the North Atlantic, countries where the Inuit people of the west first met the Norse people from the east.
Greenland and Iceland may be close to Canada and Europe but the harsh Arcticclimate and the high cost of living means few visitors come here, but those who do discover lands of some of the most breathtaking and undisturbed snow and ice encrusted scenery in the world.
Greenland is the largest island in the world. It is part of Denmark but has limited self-rule and 20% of the population are Danish. The people are open and peaceful, and have never taken part in any war. The population is a tiny 55,000 in a land the size of Europe.
Greenland has been home to the Inuit people since they crossed the Bering Strait from Alaska thousands of years ago. The Inuit or Eskimo people have an ancient culture. At first nomadic, they have survived thousands of harsh Arctic winters. The word Eskimo mean “those who eat raw meat”, and they originally ate half of their meat raw.
The Greenlandic economy is still based on fishing but it was European fleets which depleted their whaling stocks not the Inuit fishermen. North of the Arctic Circle icebergs rule the sea, millions of years old and some the size of small islands, they float down the coast every year where the oxygen trapped in the layers turns them an icy blue colour.
Iceland & Greenland
Ice Treks: Dog Sledding in...
Kayaking through Time with...
Study Guide: Who Were The...
Hunter Gatherer – Hunting...
Great Explorers: Arctic