England

With a population of 53 million in a relatively small space (130,000 square kilometers), bordered by Scotland and Wales, England is the largest of the three countries that make up mainland United Kingdom. England is well set up for the independent traveller with a plethora of sights and experiences to offer. From London – one of the most vibrant, expensive, hip, cosmopolitan capital cities in the world – you can hop on a bus, train or plane to reach gently rolling green countryside, lakes, rivers, and beaches.

England has for thousands of years been a cultural melting pot. The island’s invasions from the Saxons, Normans, Vikings, and Romans all left their mark on the landscape. Later, as the powerful conquering British Empire, it created colonies from which people from all over the world have settled in a steady stream – the Afro-Caribbeans came in the 1950s and the 1970s saw a wave of immigration from north-east Asia. They brought with them colourful languages, customs, and foods. As you travel from one part of the country to another you will encounter many different dialects and a whole mix of cultural heritage. There are thousands of religious monuments to see including the early stone circles such as Stonehenge and cathedrals such as York Minster and Canterbury Cathedral.

 

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